Yıldırım Beyazıt İngilizce BiyografisiForum Alev
He is the Ottoman Sultan who is reputed for bravery and titled Yildirim (Thunderbolt) because of his unique speed in wars. He was born in Bursa in 1360. He acceded to the throne in the battlefield where Kosovo victory was won, because of his father Murat Hudavendigar's falling martyr. He besieged Istanbul and constructed Anatolian fort. He lost the war against Timur in the vicinity of Ankara and was taken captive. He died of his grief on 4 March 1403 in Akşehir. His tomb is in Bursa.
He was called Yildirim because of his unique speed in battlefields even when he was a prince. There was no other sultans in Ottoman dynasty who rode horses faster than he did. He grew up with Murat Hudavendigar, a great conqueror, and was very useful in wars he took part together with him. As a matter of fact, his great heroism and superior administrative power commanding his units in Kosovo Pitched Battle played an important role in the victory. His father Murat Hudavendigar was killed with a dagger by an injured Serb in the battlefield, and thus he became sultan there.
Yildirim Beyazit is the first ruler to start brother murdering in Ottoman dynasty by choking his brother Yakup Çelebi, who was loved by people and soldiers very much and who did not know his father's death, to his tent. Some say he did it because of his father's will and some that on encouragement of his environment.
Yildirim, after consolidating Turkish dominance over Balkan peninsula with Kosovo victory, turned his eyes to Istanbul. After conquering Anatolian side of Black Sea Strait, he established Anatolian Turkish unity. He constructed the first Turkish castle on the strait, that is, the Anatolian fort. Then he besieged Istanbul. The siege lasted for eight months. Christian world, seeing that Byzantium was about to fall, stood for another crusade. Crusaders, advancing along Danube with a strong army, surrounded an important border fortress of Turks, Nigbolu.
Yildirim Beyazit, being informed that Nigbolu was besieged by a very crowded enemy army, lifted Istanbul siege and ran with a great speed to Nigbolu. The Nigbolu castle was resisting under command of Dogan Bey. Yildirim Beyazit, who was known for his bravery, wore Hungarian Spahi clothes and passed the enemy lines by himself and came before the gate of the castle:
- Bre Dogan, bre Dogan!... Dogan Bey first thought that this was an enemy trick, but then knew that that was the sultan's voice. When he ran to the bastion with excitement, he saw that unique horse despite the darkness of the night. Yildirim asked:
- How are you, bre Dogan?.
- The enemy presses from land and river, but the bastions are strong, and provisions are abundant. And now that our sultan came, it is not possible that Nigbolu falls... Yıldırım said:
- We are here, resist for one or two days.
The crusaders seeing the white horse and the stranger with Hungarian spahi clothes, tried to attack that stranger. But they could not catch Yildirim's horse...
On 25 September 1396, Yildirim Beyazit started a merciless attack on the very crowded Crusader army surrounding Nigbolu. The bloody war did not last for too long. Yildirim destroyed that great army with his famous claw plan famous in history.
Fearless Jean, leading Crusader army said after being taken captive by Turks that:
- I swear I will never hold my weapon against Turks again. Yildirim, having heard that, called him: I pardon you for your oath. Go. Go get all of the powers of Christendom to save your honor. Thus give me new opportunities to raise my grandeur and glory, and released him. A big storm broke out in the East in 1402.
After Tamerlane eliminated Altınordu state with his great army, invaded Iran and entered Arab provinces. The only state against Tamerlane remained was Ottomans. Both were Muslim Turk states. However, these conqueror Turkish rulers could not agree. They insulted each other because of Ahmet Celayir and Kara Yusuf. The enmity between Yildirim and Tamerlane resulted in Anakar War.
The two Turkish armies started a bloody war in Çubuk plain on a hot day of July. First, Yildirim's spahis rocked Timur armies. However, when Timur rode elephants on them, the course of the war changed. At that time, Anatolian soldiers took the part of Timur due to Anatolian Beys betrayal. The betrayal panicked Yildirim armies. The sultan, seeing that bad situation, withdrew to the hill he established his headquarters and went on resisting the enemy. Timur forces surrounded Yildirim in Çataltepe. He had only 300 soldiers with him. Yildirim took an axe when his sword was broken. He killed everyone drawing near.