MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK'S ADDRESS TO TURKISH YOUTH
Gençliğe Hitabe ve kronolojik olaylar İngilizceForum Alev
Your first duty is to preserve and to defend Turkish
Independence and the Turkish Republic forever. This is the very
foundation of your existence and your future. This foundation is your most
precious treasure. In the future, too, there may be malevolent people at
home and abroad, who will wish to deprive you of this treasure. If some
day you are compe lled to defend your independence and your Republic, you
must not hesitate to weigh the possibilities and circumstances of the
situation before doing your duty. These possibilities and circumstances
may turn out to be extremely unfavourable. The enemies c onspiring against your independence and your Republic may have behind them a victory unprecedented in the annals of the world. It may be that, by violence and trickery, all the fortresses of your beloved fatherland may be captured, all its shipyards occupied, all its armies dispersed and every corner of the country invaded. And sadder and graver than all these circumstances, thos e who hold power within the country may be in error, misguided and may even be traitors. Furthermore, they may identify personal interests with the political designs of the invaders. The country may be impoverished, ruined and exhausted.
Youth of Turkey's future,
even in such circumstances it is your duty to save Turkish Independence and the Republic. You will find the strength you need in your noble blood.
THE REFORMS OF ATATURK
23.04.1920 T.G.N.A was opened.
20.01.1921 The first constitution was accepted.
01.11.1922 Sultanate was abolished.
09.08.1923 Public Party was founded.
03.03.1924 Caliphate was abolished.
03.03.1924 Education was United.
03.03.1924 Moslems Theological scholls were closed.
25.11.1925 The law of hat was accepted.
30.11.1925 Tekkes were closed.
26.12.1925 New calender and new clock started.
17.02.1926 Turkish Civilized Law was accepted.
28.10.1928 The first Census.
10.04.1928 Secularism was accepted.
01.11.1928 The revolution of the Alphabet.
27.10.1934 The law of surname was accepted.
21.07.1936 Montrö Pact.
29.05.1937 Hatay’s salvation